In the process of consolidation, each original loan is paid in full and a new Direct Consolidation Loan is originated for the combined balance of the consolidated loans.
ED determines the interest rate of the Direct Consolidation Loan by taking the weighted average of the interest rates on your existing loans and rounding up to the nearest 1/8 of a percent (0.125).
The fixed interest rate is calculated as the weighted average of the interest rates of the loans being consolidated, assigning relative weights according to the amounts borrowed, rounded up to the nearest 0.125%, and capped at 8.25%.Some features of the original consolidated loans, such as postgraduation grace periods and special forgiveness circumstances, are not carried over into the consolidation loan, and consolidation loans are not universally suitable for all debtors.Although all of these different loans may be consolidated, you must have at least one outstanding FFEL or Direct Loan to obtain a Direct Consolidation Loan.A student loan consolidation takes the borrowers loans and combines all the loans into one new loan with one lender, and one weighted average interest rate.In the United States, the Federal Direct Student Loan Program (FDLP) includes consolidation loans that allow students to consolidate Stafford Loans, PLUS Loans, and Federal Perkins Loans into one single debt.
This results in reduced monthly repayments and a longer term for the loan.Consolidation loans taken out before that date had a variable interest rate, determined by the individual FDLP loan origination center (e.g., in the case of a university, that university) or FFELP lender (e.g., a third party bank).In 2005, the Government Accountability Office considered consolidating consolidation loans so that they were exclusively managed through the FDLP.Once you consolidate, you are locked into a loan with a fixed interest rate. Therefore, if you consolidate your variable interest rate loans and the interest rates drop the following year, you have "locked" into the higher interest rate for the life of the loan.If you just want to reduce your monthly payment, discuss the federal loan repayment options available with your lender. Single Payment If you have loans with multiple lenders/holders, you send a monthly payment to each.However, if you consolidate all those loans, you make a single payment.