The phrase however, has come under criticism, largely by those who stress that so called democratic transitions are little more than transitions to semi-authoritarian rule, as demanded by the international realities of a post-cold war world.
International structural factors during the 1970s were cited by Huntington as the causal sources for initiating the Third-Wave. membership has also functioned to inspire democratic changes in a number of former Soviet satellites, including Poland, Hungary, and the Czech Republic.
While Communications Minister Mitch Fifield asserts his abolition of Paul Keating's 'two-out-of-three' market constraint and audience reach rules are supported by the entire Australian media industry, it has become apparent that News Ltd will emerge with many market monopolies.
Conference Dinner - Guest Speaker Michelle Guthrie ABC Managing Director FURTHER DETAILS HERE BOOK YOUR PLACE HERE Organised by ABC Friends National Inc.Having recently acquired APN regional daily and non-daily newspapers and websites for a bargain million and with Network Ten's free-to-air TV licences in administration and up for grabs, the American tycoon and his associates can consolidate media power if, as now seems likely, the 1980s ownership rules are abolished.In 1982 the leadership of unions and federations participating in unity talks nearly committed political suicide by proclaiming: "there is no basis for the formation of a federation of all unions represented at this stage.No further meeting is planned." Fortunately, taking into account the challenges faced by the labour movement, society and the need to defend ourselves against big business and the apartheid regime, further meetings took place and Cosatu was eventually formed.The regime had to contend, not only with the UDF and its affiliates, the revolutionary alliance of the ANC, SACP and Sactu, but also with a powerful trade union movement which combined political issues with bread and butter issues.
Employers who had relied on weak organisation to exploit and oppress workers were suddenly hit by waves of strikes by workers who were pursuing a living wage. The Chamber of Mines, South African Railways, OK Bazaars, Pick and Pay, and many more tasted our power.Prospects for European Union membership provided the necessary pressure for creating the critical domestic masses for the push toward democracy in Portugal, Spain, and Greece, since the establishment of democratic institutions was necessary to secure the economic benefits for Community membership. Other international factors also contributed to launching the Third-Wave.First, international efforts by states and activists helped politicise issues such as human rights and democratisation at the international level.Huntington believes that the beginning of the third wave corresponds to the Helsinki Final Act of 1975, which helped secure commitments for human rights and democratic governance from Eastern European countries.While this by itself was not enough to guarantee democratisation, it did provide an easy gauge by which the Soviet Bloc was measured and criticised.Despite a government sympathetic to business, the brutality of the police and state of emergency powers, we emerged victorious.